When it comes to stage performance people prefer dynamic microphones the most and this is for the simple reason that they last long. Makers build them that way. But, when it comes to a sound recording studio in Mumbai condenser microphones are always the preferred option and there are several good reasons for the same.
How does a condenser microphone work?
These microphones are also referred to as capacitor microphones by the British. There is a good reason for this as well. If you have studied physics you would know that a capacitor is a couple of metal plates that are pretty close to each other.
A few words on the condenser capsules
The closer these are greater is the capacitance. The condenser capsules enjoy such high demand in the audio recording studios in Mumbai. People build them in much the same way. They have a thin membrane that is located fairly close to a metal plate that happens to be solid. This membrane is often referred to as the diaphragm. It has to be able to conduct electricity. This needs to happen at least on the surface. The commonest material that is used in these cases is Mylar that is spluttered with gold. But, in some cases, these models also use metal foils that are extremely thin.
What happens when the sound waves hit?
In most cases, these models happen to be older ones. When this diaphragm is hit by sound waves it tends to move forth and back. This happens in relation to the solid back plate. This would also imply that the distance between the capacitor plates tends to change. As a result of this, the capacitance tends to change with respect to the rhythm of the sound waves. This is how sound is changed to an electrical signal at a music recording studio in Mumbai. The capsule signal itself is so weak that it cannot be connected to other gear pieces.
The flow of current over here
The output voltage of the condenser capsule is actually on the higher side. However, it produces a negligible current. This is because of the fact that the small capacitor is unable to store a lot of energy in itself. It needs what may be called an impedance converter. This is basically a circuit that acts as a buffer between the outside world and the capsule. It is the impedance converter that makes this signal sturdy enough. It does so by making available a greater amount of signal current. You can be sure that you would be taught all this at the sound recording courses in Mumbai.
If you ever visit a recording studio in Mumbai you would know that a condenser microphone needs external power. In the days gone by this would not have been that convenient. However, these days almost all microphone inputs are capable of providing P48 phantom power. This has now sort of becoming the international standard in cases such as these and is the brainchild of an organization named Neumann. Thanks to the really low mass of these microphones the sound quality that you get is of a higher order.